Seoul - History

The history of Seoul probably started in 18 BC, when it was chosen to be the capital of the Baekje Kingdom. After that it has been the capital of various rulers, which all gave the city a new name.

The importance of Seoul as a city really started during the Joseon Dynasty. Former General Yi Seong-gye chose Seoul to be the capital of his empire in 1392. During the next 10 years Seoul grew into a real city, with 100.000 inhabitants. In that period Seoul was a city lead by the Neo-Confucianism philosophy of the Joseon Dynasty. Buddhism and Catholicism were banned into the mountains and the countryside. Till 1910 Seoul was controlled by this feudal system of kings, aristocrats, peasants, slaves and outcasts.

In 1910, the Japanese invasion took the regime of Korea and the city of Seoul. During the following 35 years Seoul was doomed under Japanese colonial rule. Palaces were destroyed and the Korean culture seemed to fade away.

Korea survived and was released from Japanese rule in 1948. During the Korean war Seoul experienced warfare 4 times, only to become the main capital again in 1953. Since that moment Seoul has been growing rapidly and continuously. The expansion of Seoul symbolizes the economical progress South-Korea has made in the past 50 years.

Nowadays Seoul is a highly modern city with a modern, technologically advanced society. The streets of Seoul are filled with skyscrapers, traffic and 10.3 million people. Seoul is not only the capital of South Korea, but also the city where everything is centered. Throughout the year you can experience cultural, traditional and modern events in this modern metropolis of Korea.



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